There are many types of wood floors but solid wood flooring, also known as hardwood is, of course, the original timber floor. A solid wood floor is just as the name suggests. One piece of solid wood from top to bottom. Often finished with oil or lacquer and with tongue and groove edges. The manufacturing process is simple. Raw material logs and trunks of the chosen timber are cut down at sawmills worldwide into various lengths, widths and thicknesses. These raw timbers are then transferred to flooring factories where they are graded and further refined by cutting to specified sizes. They are then sanded and often machined with tongue and grooved ends or bevelled edges. The cut timbers are then kiln dried to bring them to a specific moisture level suited to the destination country. This creates an unfinished solid wood floor suitable for the consumer. Often the floor is prefinished with a lacquer or oil before packing into boxes.
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